No, Virginia, There’s No Such Thing as President’s Day

washYup, there’s no such holiday as President’s Day – at least officially. It’s just Congress’ way of making Washington’s birthday fit a three day weekend.(Really – see Section 6103(a) of Title 5 of the United States Code).

Washington’s birthday was a major holiday in the U.S. long before the Civil War, it was formalized as a Federal holiday in the 1880’s, it took an act of Congress in the late 1960’s to muddle the waters.

There was a push to move holidays to the Monday schedule we now enjoy. Given the proximity of Lincoln’s and Washington’s birthdays, Illinois tried to roll Lincoln’s Birthday into the already celebrated Washington’s Birthday Federal Holiday.

Since this new holiday, giving us all a three day weekend in the middle of February, would celebrate two prominent former presidents, it was naturally enough labeled ‘President’s Day’.

Who would argue with a day devoted to Washington and Lincoln? Well, Virginia in the mid-1960s for one. The late unpleasantness between the States was only a hundred years passe and Virginia didn’t like the idea of a usurper from Illinois sharing the spotlight with its most visible son. Virginia blocked the proposed bill in the House of Representatives in the discussion stage. It never passed.

The third Monday of February was designated Washington’s Birthday, Lincoln’s Birthday remains as it was – a state by state optional holiday. It has never been a Federal holiday.

Interestingly, Presidents since the 1968 Act don’t seem in a hurry to correct those who refer to President’s Day, opting instead to embrace the all inclusive, let’s celebrate all the Presidents Day. As in, it’s a day celebrating all 44 of us (or does Grover Cleveland get to celebrate twice?), because, hey, all President’s are created equal.

It has become the equivalent of ‘every kid gets a trophy’ – except most kids deserve it. Take, for instance:

warreng

Warren G. Harding, he gets a trophy even though he wandered around behind the bench picking daisies while the others played;

whenryh

William H. Harrison, he only showed up for two practices and one game, but he wanted to be there;

john_tyler

John Tyler …. even though after election he was the other team’s most valuable player . . .

Could do this all day…. but that would be a waste of a nice, sunny, Washington’s Birthday . . .

Advertisements

Boehner, Obama, the Tea Party, and the Ghost of Ben Wade

435px-Benjamin_F_Wade_-_Brady-Handy

Benjamin F. Wade smiling.

No pecuniary consideration is more urgent, than the regular redemption and discharge of the public debt: on none can delay be more injurious, or an economy of time more valuable.             – George Washington, 1793. 

Benjamin Franklin Wade was not a nice man. In any sense. He was mean, he put the Radical in Radical Republicanism while supporting, with dog-with-rabies-like fervor, Women’s Suffrage, labor unions, Black male suffrage, Civil Rights.

He had no tolerance for those who did not agree with him and his circle of allies in the Senate. He never thought in grays, compromise was a four letter word, he spewed invective when his views were questioned, his presence in the Senate chamber was described as “grim as a bear in ill health.”

He may not have despised Lincoln, but he sure as hell despised everything he did and said, especially his stories

He was sarcastic, abrasive, personal, devoid of a sense of humor, and wielded power and influence in ways that would have intrigued and flabbergasted more than a few Roman statesmen.

Wade abhorred McClellan, demanded Grant’s removal during the siege of Vicksburg. Despite being unable to tell the difference between those two (akin to treating a koala and grizzly the same because they are both bears) he was in charge of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War – a Congressional group of second-guessers and couch generals so voracious as to make the Benghazi and IRS committees contemplative and compassionate in comparison.

Wade was President pro tempore of the Senate during Andrew Johnson’s impeachment, he would have become the 18th President of the United States had Johnson been convicted. That Johnson was acquitted was attributed almost solely to Wade’s bubbly personality. The Detroit Post wrote that “Andrew Johnson is innocent because Ben Wade is guilty of being his successor.”

Wade, then, was hardly a politician who believed in nuance. Perhaps James Garfield – a fellow Republican, and one who had actually fought in the war – summarized the man best: “a man of violent passions, extreme opinions and narrow views who was surrounded by the worst and most violent elements in the Republican Party.”

One can read the above and draw one’s own parallels to today’s Congressional paralysis . . . or not.

No one, however, can deny that Benjamin Franklin Wade was a black-white, no grays, no compromise, no hidden agenda, unsubtle, direct when not antagonistic political thinker and operative. . . who backed the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States to the hilt. That’s the one that reads, in part:

Section 4.

The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. . .

 As straight and to the point as Wade himself. His reasoning for this provision: placing the debt “under the guardianship of the Constitution,” would protect our investors from being “subject to the varying majorities which may arise in Congress.”

As the amendment neared ratification the 1868 Republican Platform – of which Wade was a major contributor (he expected to be Grant’s Vice President, but ….) added:

Third—We denounce all forms of repudiation as a national crime; and national honor requires the payment of the public indebtedness in the utmost good faith to all creditors at home and abroad, not only according to the letter, but the spirit of the laws under which it was contracted.

The amendment and the GOP platform (not to mention Perry v. the United States in 1935) ferociously supported George Washington’s message to the House of Representatives in 1793. No one has really messed with it since . . . until. of course, now.

The House, Senate, and President can play all the games they like, but sometimes the past has a way of rising up and tearing a chunk out of one’s hide . . . All I can think at times like this is if Wade was that unpleasant in life, I wouldn’t mess with his ghost.